Everything you should know about VTE

What is VTE? 

Venous thromboembolism (VTE) is a medical condition in which a blood clot is formed in a vein. VTE is considered as the third leading vascular diagnosis after a heart attack and stroke that has affected the population. 

People who are elder, obese or over-weight, suffering from cancer or whose blood is thicker than average are more likely to be at risk for blood clotting. Genetics also plays a part in this section. According to VTE medical experts, the age group for VTE is most likely to be 60 and older, but it can occur at any age. 

Types of VTE

According to VTE medical experts, VTE is of two types, 

  • Deep Vein Thrombosis (DVT): In DVT, a blood clot is formed in a deep vein, which can be leg or pelvis. 
  • Pulmonary embolism (PE): PE occurs when DVT clot breaks free from the veins and travel to the lungs and eventually blocks some or all of the blood supply. 

Signs & Symptoms 

Since people have just started to know about VTE, VTE medical experts have laid out some signs & symptoms that we can use to understand if a person needs medical help or not. The signs & symptoms of VTE are:

  1. Swollen leg or arm
  2. Red streaks on the skin
  3. Pain or tenderness in arms or legs
  4. Fast breathing 
  5. Chest pain under the rib cage
  6. Rapid heart rate
  7. Feeling lightheaded 

Diagnosis & Prevention 

VTE Medical experts have laid out the procedure on how to diagnose VTE. After considering the symptoms of the condition, make sure you take that person to an expert or doctor who can diagnose the condition for real. A test called D-dimer is conducted to detect VTE. This test detects clotting activity. 

VTE medical thesis has laid out that this condition can be prevented by using strategies that might stop the development of clots in people. Experts usually discern risk by gathering information about a patient’s age, weight, medical history, medications & lifestyle choices. 

Treatment 

VTE Medical have considered it as a life-threatening disease which requires constant & immediate medical attention. If diagnosed early, it can be recovered, but if it is delayed, long-term complications may occur. There are only a few antibiotics that are able to treat VTE at present. The other & more progressive medications are under progress. 

The treatment of VTE usually includes 

  1. Anticoagulants include medication like heparin or low molecular weight heparin 
  2. Thrombolytic therapy

So now when you are aware of what is VTE, you should look out for any signs in someone you know or yourself. If you feel like you need to see a VTE medical expert, don’t hesitate to reach out. 

Tushar Saxena

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